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This glossary of the fictional Elaran language is intended to supplement the digital version of The Falcon Saga, by author Court Ellyn. The words and phrases listed here are a product of the author's imagination and may not be distributed, copied, or used in any form whatsoever without the written permission of the author.

Abar/Avar = to answer

Ada/Anda = (adj.) strong. And = (n.) strength. As in andyr.

Adeth = that which strengthens, i.e. food, nourishment.

Aisha = golden, as in color or worth. (see 'Ish')

Al = this (see Article list, below)

Alas/Elas = a journey. (pl. alasion). From verb Elar, 'to travel;' lasí = wandering, traveling (adj.). The elves call themselves Elari (pl. Elarion), meaning 'traveler.' Their language, spoken and written, is Elaran.

Alda = naked, bare. From Aldar, 'to expose.' As in Aldawaeran or the Barren Heights.

Alva = river. As in Alvávidan.

Allysh = (n.) help, aid, assistance. From Alyshar, 'to help.'

-an/-en/-in = pluralizes, as does '-ion.' As in Thyrnoran, 'Silver Mountains.'

Ana = mother. Used in conjunction with Forah, forms the name for the creative force of the universe, Ana-Forah. Zhianese, and other paternal peoples, reverse the elements to Forana, 'Father-Mother.'

Anrach = (n.) master. Anrar, 'to master.' Anrath = (n.) a command.

Ara = favored, beloved. As in Aralorr, 'favored jewel.'

Aras = present, as in the present day. (compare ónaras and hátaras)

Ardja = tall

Arga = Blessed (n. and adj.). Arghel = a blessing.

Arroit = too (as in 'excess, too much'). Compare to leis.

Asa/As = (adj.) new, fresh. As in Dan-Ora'as, 'home of new beginnings.'

Ath/Eth = red. As in Forath, 'red father.'

Aurien = friend. (pl. aurienen). Aura = friendly, kind. (Note: words that begin with vowels and are preceded by a word ending in a vowel, are written and pronounced with an 'h' in order to separate the vowels' sounds.)

Avë = implies magic, powers, elemental forces. As in Avidan and avedra.

Azeth = the indwelling soul or life-energy. As in rágazeth, the Soul Snatcher. (compare Yr/Ir)

Azhdyr = an exile, or the exiled. (pl. Azhdyrion) From Ashter, 'to exile.' As in Azhdyria (Land of the Exiled).

Azhna = lost (n., adj.)



Baer/Ber = (n.) iron. As in baernavë, 'iron of un-magic;' Baerdwin, dwarf, literally 'man of iron' (pl. baerdwinion).

Bashtya = chaos. Báshtyamel, lit. 'evil chaos,' the name for demon or rágazeth.

Bazan = to be (irreg.)-vi'e (vië), vil, bi'ev (biëv), vayan, vailan, baizan. Imperative form-vilë, 'you be,' vailanë, 'you all be.'

Bela = purple.

Bi'on = middle.

Blytha = 'playful.' From Blytan, 'to play.'

Brach = marsh, swamp, bog.

Bred(-ion) = deer (male); abred = doe.

Boethel/bothel = road, path, way.

Brith/Breth = mist, fog; Britha = misty (adj.).

Brisa/Bresa = blue.

Brohd = bough, branch, limb. (pl. broden)

Brog/Brok = dread. From Bragar, 'to dread'; Brogána = dreadful (adj.)

Bryn/Bren/Bran/Bram = falcon. As in the River Bryna, Brengarra, Bramoran, Brynduvh.

Buadd = rain. From Buadan, 'to rain'; Buada (adj.), 'rainy' or 'wet.' As in bathda'sha, rainbow, literally 'rain's light.'



Chadiar = to bring.

Chan = (adv.) may. Makes all verbs conditional. (see Kar)

Chavar = to give.

Cheq = (n.) scar, brand. As in keldjeq, 'warrior's mark.'

Chequar (one of the few 'ch' words pronounced as 'church' rather than 'Bach') = to scar, mark, brand. (irreg.)- jheqi, jeqil, jeqin, jhequan, jeqlan, jeqiven.

Chu'am = please. From Chumar = to please.

Chuvachan = to possess power, potency, virility, strength to act/do/etc. A more complicated concept compared to 'anda.' Cuvachi, cuvachil, cuvi, chuyan, chuilan, chulivan. Chuvah, 'powerful.' Nachuvah, 'powerless.'



Dacha/Daka = (adj.) many. Dag = (adv.) much, a lot of. As in Buadhachan, 'place of much rain.'

Dachel = (n.) bounty. Dachela = bountiful.

Dal/Del, Tel/Tal = star. Della/Dalla = (adj.) 'starry.'

Damoth = war, battle. From Dámothar, 'to wage war.' Battlefield is 'damothna,' or plural 'damothen.'

Dan/Don/Dun = home. As in Avidan.

Dar/Dor = moon. As in Dardra (pl. Dardrion), 'Moon Guardian,' Dorelia and Dorél. (see Dorreah)

Dashan = to scatter, disperse.

Dath = thorn. (pl. dathan; adj. thorny is 'datha') As in Dathiel, 'one who is thorn.'

Dava/Dova/Duva/Dufa = white. As in Davhin, Brynduvh.

De'ah = (adv.) here; Da'id = there.

Dena/Dina/Dyna = full, complete (adj.). From Dynar, 'to fill, complete.' Dyneth = (n.) completion, fulfillment.

Dher = (n.) rest, sleep. From Eder, 'to sleep.' (irreg.)- Dehi, dehil, dehiv, deyan, delan, diven.

Dorreah = Goddess. Literally, 'moon lady.'

Dul/Tul = island.

Dra/Dri/Dry = guardian. From Druhan, 'to guard, protect.' As in shaddra, avedra, Dardra, and Dranithion.

Dragar=to fly. Drag = flight. Draghí = flying (adj.) As in Drakhan.

Dravan = to silence; Dreva = silent

Dren = fang, tooth. From Drenar, 'to bite'; pl. Drenilion. As in Mount Drenéleth, 'stone tooth.'

Du'an = the mind. The reasoning, imagining aspect of the brain.

Du'anysh = vision, purpose. Literally, 'sight of mind.'

Dulth/Delth = night.

Duinn = (n.) dark. From Duinar, 'to darken.' Duina = (adj.) dark. As in duinóvion, 'humans' (see 'Ova'); duinden, 'full darkness' or midnight.



Elari = see Alas/Elas

Eleth = stone (n.). Adjective form is eletha. As in elethion rási, 'standing stones.'

Emar = to hear.

Émyla = foreign, strange, unknown.

Er = the (see Article list, below)

Erar = to stand; rási = standing (adj.)

Esar = to open (irreg.)

Eshel = fire (compare Val).



Fann = to (prep.)

Fath = fear. From Fathar, 'to fear.'

Ferdan = to return.

Ferth = mountain pass, door or gate. From Firthan, 'to pass by or through.' As in Wendaferth (Windgate).

Fi'el = foot. (pl. Fíelen.)

Final = blanket. From Fenan, 'to blanket, cover.'

Fith = shore.

Forah = father. As in Forath. (see Rea and Ana)

Frinach (sometimes vrinach) = storm.



Gala/Galan = great, noble, lofty, revered. As in Galvalia (Great Fire Sea), Galantryn (Great Ford).

Ganen = to surpass. (irreg.)- gani, ganil, ganiv, ga'yan, ganilen, ganiven.

Gar/Gor = blood. As in Brengarra, 'falcon's blood'; Goryth, 'blood-wing.'

Gedar = to fall. Gedasi = falling (adj.)

Grimar/Krimar = to banish.

Gil/Kil = spear. As in Gildancove. Humans have mistaken this to mean 'golden cove' instead of 'Cove of Spears.'

Gohn = (prep.) from

Gola/Gula = abhorrent, ugly, tainted. From Gollar, 'to taint.'



H' = added to the front of a word that begins with a vowel if that word follows another ending in a vowel. See the note following 'aurien.'

Har/Her = sun. Hara = 'sunny.' Harsha, 'sunlight.' Harshava, 'sunlit.' As in Harac, Harena (The Desert), Heret (Land of First Dawn).

Halar = to scream, shout; Hela = screaming (adj.). As in Helwende, 'loud wind.'

Hátaras = the past.

Hazhen = to lose, misplace. (irreg. Remove 'H' to conjugate)

Hechtar = to offend, insult. (irreg. Remove 'H' to conjugate)

Hefyn = elk (pl. hefynion)



Ilae = away.

Ils/Is = corruption of 'elves.' As in Ilswythe, Elves' Meadow.

Ish = (n.) gold. (see Aish).



Jana = hard, stubborn.

Jera = (prep.) with. Najer = without.

Jevar = to pierce. Java = sharp, piercing (adj.).

Jynavh = well (adv.)



Kadar/Kavar = to cut, wound, slice; Kad or Kadg, meaning 'axe', is a derivative.

Kaem = ridge.

Kahov = a place, also a hearth.

Kal/Kel = warrior. As in Kelyn, keldjeq.

Kan/Ken/Kyn = courage (n.); Brave (adj.) = Kyna; from Kynar, 'to encourage.' Kynor, the name of Keth's father, may be interpreted as 'one who encourages' or 'brave mountain.'

Kantav = bridge; also denotes 'passage across,' as in Kantava Islands and Kantávlea, the 'Sea of Crossing.'

Kar = to allow/permit. (irreg.)- kahi, kahil . . .

Kathio = east. Kathiel = eastern.

Keth/Geth = stalwart (strong, firm, loyal).

Kharan = to heal. Kharah, 'healer.'

Ki'ar = to share. (irreg.)- kyo, khil, khiv, khyan, khilan, khiven.

Kir/Kier = shield, from Kírer, 'to shield from.'

Klae = sword. Kin to Kal/Kel, as the weapon of the warrior, a man-turned-sword.

Komar = to seem, to look like, to appear like. (irreg.)- kumi, kumil, khumiv, kumyan, komilan, kumiven

Kru'ar = to destroy; Kru = (adj.) destructive, violent. Khruth = (n.) destruction.

Ku'ir = to attack, assail. (irreg.)- kuli, kil, kiv, kuyan, kilan, kiven.

Kulyah = head. (pl. kulyanen)



Labban = to summon. (irreg.)- lavi, lavil, labiv, lavyen, lavilen, labiven.

Laec/Lach/Loc = Lake. As in Brenlach, Locmar, and Loknoth.

Lanor = to run, flow fast. Lani = running (adj.). Lanithrun, horse, literally 'running legs.'

Láruvan = lark. Literally, 'bird of song.'

Lassar = to grow, increase. Lashí = (adj.) growing, increasing. Derived is Duinlas, 'growing dark' or twilight; Shalas, 'morning.'

Lau = (prep.) down.

Lea/Lia = sea, water in general. As in Leathyr (silver water), Leania (land of water)

Lechin = harmony. (see lesha)

Leddeth = flesh. (kin to Lethryn, 'earth.')

Leiru = bird. (pl. leiru'n)

Leis = too (as in also), compare to arroit

Lem = flat. Lamón = flatlands, plains.

Len/Linn/Lyn = beautiful, fair. As in Kelyn, Rhoslyn.

Le'or = leaf. (pl. le'oren)

Ler/Lir/Lor = jewel, gem. As in Aralorr.

Lesha = melody.

Leth = land.

Lethryn = earth, globe, planet entire.

Loth = ash (pl. lothen). As in Lothiar, 'like ash.'

Lozh = snow (on the ground). From Lozar, 'to snow.'

Luin/Lun = tower. As in Lunélion.

Lytha = air. From Lythar = to whisper. Lathi = whispering (adj.).



Mae/Mai/May = delicate.

Mar/Mor = fortress, stronghold. Seen in countless names of strongholds across Dwinovia, like Bramoran, Athmar.

Mathon = to kill. Math = the dead (n.) and predicate adjective, as in 'he is dead.' Mathel = Death. (compare damoth).

Mayah = (adj.) perfect. From Me'ar, 'to perfect,' (irreg.)- mehi, mehil, mahiv, meyan, melan, máhiven.

Me'av = mouth. (pl. Mehavion).

Med = (prep.) beneath.

Mell = evil (n.). pl. Mellan. Mella (adj.).

Miacht = servant. From Machan, 'to serve.'

Mil = arrival. From Milar, 'to arrive.'

Mith = peace, quiet (n.). From Mithar, to grow peaceful, quiet. Mitha = peaceful (adj.). Mithilë! = Peace! (command).

Mynd/Mund = blossom. From Mundar, 'to blossom'; Mynda = blossoming (adj.).

Myol = shit!

Myriar = to dwell.



N/Na = signifies negation. Also 'no' or 'un-'

Na'eth = shadow. Na'etha = shadowy (adj.). As in Nathrachan, Nathryk.

Na'in = ogre. (pl. naenion)

Nana/nanu = sad, grievous, lamenting. From Nanar, 'to weep, lament.' As in Tírnan (Grievous Arrow).

Násethar = to uncover, disclose, reveal (compare Sethar).

Nela/Nila = gray.

Nethai = brother.

Ni'e = eye. (pl. nihen)

Nor/Nur = mountain. As in Thyrnoran, Drakhanoran.

Nith/Nyth = forest, wood, and the singular tree. As in Avidanyth (Avidan Wood), Nithmar.

Nocha/Nocka = port. As in Sinnoch.

Notha = (adj.) huge, giant. Nothari, the Elaran name for the mythical giants.

Nothasqel = ice cap. (lit. 'huge ice.')

Nysh = sight. Thevril-nysh = Veil Sight.



= I (pers. pron.). See Conjugation list below.

Och/Ocha = as/like. Begins a simile.

Ónaras = future.

Ora = beginning (n.). From Oren, 'to begin.' As in Dan-Ora'as.

Ostar = to do.

Ova = a community, clan, people, gathering place. From Ovan, 'to gather.' As in Sýnnova ('safe place'). Duínovë, meaning 'dark person,' the Elaran name for a male human, while Duínova is a female human. Duinóvion is the plural for many humans, while Duínovan is the adjective denoting anything of human make or design, including their language. Dwinóvia, 'Land of Men'



Qas = (prep.) at

Qaver = to go. (see Quev) (irreg.)- khavo, khavil, quavív, khavyan, khávilen, quiven.

Quellar = to wane. Qualla/Quella = (adj.) wan, shrunken. Derived is Shaqueli, 'shrinking light' or sunset. (see Redar and Shanar)

Quethia = north. Quethiel = northern.

Quev = departure (n.). From Quevar, 'to depart.' As in Naqevnoch (Port of Sad Departure, the legendary city in Astyria from where Dorelia set sail for Dwinóvia). Na que, 'don't go'.



Ragar = to steal, snatch. As in rágazeth, the Soul Snatcher. Rageil = thief.

Rala = old. From Rallar, 'to age.'

Ran/Ron/Ren/Ryn = royal. As in Kieryn, Bramoran.

Rand = hand in a fist. From Randar, 'to strike.'

Rath/Roth/Ruth = thunder. From Rothar, 'to thunder.' As in Tor Roth.

Rava = pearl. As in Rávalin, one of the Pearl Islands.

Rea = lady or queen, or any highly placed female.

Rechar = to sparkle, gleam. Rechavi = sparkling, gleaming (adj.).

Redar = to rise. Rhedi = rising (adj.). As in Heret, literally 'Land of the Sunrise.' Derived also is Haredi, 'sunrise' and Daredi, 'moonrise.' (see Quellar and Shanar)

Rek/Rik/Ryk = king. As in Rhorek, Shadryk, etc.

Rhithio = west. Rhithiel = western.

Rhos = flower.

Rim = canyon, abyss. As in Galanrim, the Great Abyss.

Rist = boundary, edge. As in Ristbrooke.

Rith = wing (pl. rithion). As in Goryth, and Avarith, lit. 'magic wing' or 'wing of avë' for dragon (pl. avárithen).

Ruvar = to crawl, move slowly. Rhuvi = crawling, moving slowly.

Ruvasqel = glacier. (lit. 'slow ice')

Ryshach = bitch.



Saer/Zaer = black. As in Sarvana, 'black song.'

Sag/Tsag = depression, basin.

Sahvan = to save, rescue

Sethar = to hide. (compare Násethar)

Sha = light. Seen in shaddra (Guardians of Light, the monks dwelling in the valley of the same name), and Sha-Rivá ('Light of the Lady').

Shaban = to light (as a candle) - shavi, shavil, shabiv, shavyan, shavlan, shaben.

Shanar = to shine - shi, shil, shahiv, shayan, shilan, shiven.

Shanna = (adj.) shining, brilliant. Derived then is Sha'dyn, 'full light,' or noon; and Sha'zel, 'little light,' or morning; Shaqeli, 'shrinking light,' or sunset. (see Quellar and Redar)

Shath = day.

Shel = summer. Shela = hot. (see Eshel. To say 'hot fire' is redundant. So to say 'shel' is to say 'like fire.')

Shind = serpent (from the sound it makes slithering over the ground).

Sinna/Synna = safe. From Synnar, 'to secure.' Sinnath = safety. Sýnadun = shelter, lit. 'safe home.'

Skel = winter, the cold. Skela = (adj.) cold. Askel = ice, sleet. (see Var and Lozh)

Slanta! = Greetings!

Sor = wolf. Shortened from original Elaran Sa'hor.

Sulla = seagull. Human corruption, shulla.

Su'ulen = to walk



Ta = my. See Possessive Pronoun list below.

Tarrár = to fail.

Tav = joy. Tava = (adj.) happy. From Tabar, 'to be joyful, happy' (compare Blytha).

Tayá = yourself. See Personal Pronoun list below.

Tha = and. See Conjunction list below.

Thall/Thell = Bay, cove. As in thellnyth tree.

Thanis/Tanis = crown, top. Thanisia is the land of the ice fields, the crown of the world.

Thassan = to forgive, pardon.

Thevríl = the Veil, and the spell-word used to conjure it around oneself.

Thru = leg (pl. thru'en).

Thyn/Thyr = silver (n. and adj.). As in Thyrvael, Thyrra.

Ter/Tír = arrow. As in Tírnan, Tírandon.

Teth = breast. (pl. Tethien.)

Tohm/Tuhm = pall.

Tran/Tryn = ford. As is Galantryn, the Great Ford.



Uhv = (prep.) on.

Ula/U'alu = (adj.) long. As in Ulmarr.

Uranar = to cleanse, purify.

Uthia = south. Uthiel = southern.'



Val/Vul = fire (in liquid form). As in Valrosk and Galvalia.

Valav = (n.) balance. Navalav = unbalance.

Valda = everlasting, never ending (adj.). Avald = (adv.) forever; Navald = (adv.) never.

Van = song. From Vanar, 'to sing'; Vanazi = (adj.) singing. As in Sarvana, 'black song.'

Vanthrun = cricket. Literally, 'song-legs.' (pl. vanthrunion)

Vazh = voice. (pl. vazhian).

Vina = green.



Waer = mound or hill; (pl.) Waeran, meaning 'heights.' As in Nathyæren ('Shadow Mounds').

Wyr = moor, heath. As in Wyramor, 'fortress of the moor.'

Wytha = meadow, valley. As in Ilswythe.

Whenda = windy. As in Helwende.

Wil/Wyl = wave, billow; pl. Willan/Wyllan.



Ya/Ye = one or first. Also denotes 'individual.'

Yahen = (adv.) again. Literally, 'one plural.'

Yannah = (adj.) wailing. From Yaunen, 'to wail.'

Ya'noren = to renew, literally 'to begin again.' Yánoreth = (n.) renewal. (see Ora)

Yno = boy. (pl. and 'children,' yno'en.)

Yr/Ir = life; spirit. From Yran, 'to live, have spirit.' Yri, adj. 'living.' As in Iryan.

Yveth = captain.



Zel = small. As in Mazél, 'delicate-small,' and Zellel.



VERB CONJUGATION:

Present Tense of most regular verbs:

-i, -il, -iv, -yan, -ilan, -iven (I, You, He/She/It, We, You All, They)

Subjunctive, Imperative (command) Verb Tense: Add a sharp '-ë' to end of conjugation.

Present Progressive Verb Tense: To be + infinitive ( Bazan + inf.).

Past Verb Tense: Add '-hat' or '-at' to conjugated present tense verb.

Future Verb Tense: Add 'o-' or 'on-' to front of conjugated present tense verb; sometimes softened to 'a-' and 'an-'.



PERSONAL PRONOUNS:

Oa/oän = I/me

Ola/olahn = you/you (pl.)

Eä/eär = She/her

Eö/eör = He/him

Ië = it

Yo/yora = We/us

Elan/eran = They/them



POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS:

Ta/atta = My/mine

Tae/attae = Your/yours

Tas/attás = Her/hers

Torr/attor = His/his

Ti/atti = Its/its

Tann/attán = Our/ours

Taena/attaena = Your (pl.)/yours (pl.)

Tash/attash = Their/theirs



CONJUNCTIONS:

And = tha

But = vae

So = yn

For/because = qua



ARTICLES:

The = er

A = ya

An = yan

That = as

This = al



OF:

-Prepositional 'of' is absorbed, understood, as in Welsh.

-Possessive 'of' is expressed as '-d', '-ad', '-da' at end of a word or amid a compound word such as Brandrith, 'falcon's wing'; bathda'sha, rainbow (lit. 'rain's light'= Buadd da sha).



copyright 2012 by Court Ellyn

The words and phrases listed here are a product of the author's imagination and may not be distributed, copied, or used in any form whatsoever without the written permission of the author.

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