This glossary of the fictional Elaran language is intended to supplement the digital version of The Falcons Saga. The words and phrases listed here are a product of the author’s imagination and may not be distributed, copied, or used in any form whatsoever without the written permission of the author.
Abar/Avar = to answer
Ada/Anda = (adj.) strong. And = (n.) strength. As in andyr.
Adeth = that which strengthens, i.e. food, nourishment.
Aisha = golden, as in color or worth. (see ‘Ish’)
Al = this (see Article list, below)
Alas/Elas = a journey. (pl. alasion). From verb Elar, ‘to travel;’ lasí = wandering, traveling (adj.). The elves call themselves Elari (pl. Elarion), meaning ‘traveler.’ Their language, spoken and written, is Elaran.
Alda = naked, bare. From Aldar, ‘to expose.’ As in Aldawaeran or the Barren Heights.
Alva = river. As in Alvávidan.
Allysh = (n.) help, aid, assistance. From Alyshar, ‘to help.’
-an/-en/-in = pluralizes, as does ‘-ion.’ As in Thyrnoran, ‘Silver Mountains.’
Ana = mother. Used in conjunction with Forah, forms the name for the creative force of the universe, Ana-Forah. Zhianese, and other paternal peoples, reverse the elements to Forana, ‘Father-Mother.’
Anrach = (n.) master. Anrar, ‘to master.’ Anrath = (n.) a command.
Ara = favored, beloved. As in Aralorr, ‘favored jewel.’
Aras = present, as in the present day. (compare ónaras and hátaras)
Ardja = tall
Arga = Blessed (n. and adj.). Arghel = a blessing.
Arroit = too (as in ‘excess, too much’). Compare to leis.
Asa/As = (adj.) new, fresh. As in Dan-Ora’as, ‘home of new beginnings.’
Ath/Eth = red. As in Forath, ‘red father.’
Aurien = friend. (pl. aurienen). Aura = friendly, kind. (Note: words that begin with vowels and are preceded by a word ending in a vowel, are written and pronounced with an ‘h’ in order to separate the vowels’ sounds.)
Avë = implies magic, powers, elemental forces. As in Avidan and avedra.
Azeth = the indwelling soul or life-energy. As in rágazeth, the Soul Snatcher. (compare Yr/Ir)
Azhdyr = an exile, or the exiled. (pl. Azhdyrion) From Ashter, ‘to exile.’ As in Azhdyria (Land of the Exiled).
Azhna = lost (n., adj.)
Baer/Ber = (n.) iron. As in baernavë, ‘iron of un-magic;’ Baerdwin, dwarf, literally ‘man of iron’ (pl. baerdwinion).
Bashtya = chaos. Báshtyamel, lit. ‘evil chaos,’ the name for demon or rágazeth.
Bazan = to be (irreg.)-vi’e (vië), vil, bi’ev (biëv), vayan, vailan, baizan. Imperative form-vilë, ‘you be,’ vailanë, ‘you all be.’
Bela = purple.
Bi’on = middle.
Blytha = ‘playful.’ From Blytan, ‘to play.’
Brach = marsh, swamp, bog.
Bred(-ion) = deer (male); abred = doe.
Boethel/bothel = road, path, way.
Brith/Breth = mist, fog; Britha = misty (adj.).
Brisa/Bresa = blue.
Brohd = bough, branch, limb. (pl. broden)
Brog/Brok = dread. From Bragar, ‘to dread’; Brogána = dreadful (adj.)
Bryn/Bren/Bran/Bram = falcon. As in the River Bryna, Brengarra, Bramoran, Brynduvh.
Buadd = rain. From Buadan, ‘to rain’; Buada (adj.), ‘rainy’ or ‘wet.’ As in bathda’sha, rainbow, literally ‘rain’s light.’
Chadiar = to bring.
Chan = (adv.) may. Makes all verbs conditional. (see Kar)
Chavar = to give.
Cheq = (n.) scar, brand. As in keldjeq, ‘warrior’s mark.’
Chequar (one of the few ‘ch’ words pronounced as ‘church’ rather than ‘Bach’) = to scar, mark, brand. (irreg.)- jheqi, jeqil, jeqin, jhequan, jeqlan, jeqiven.
Chu’am = please. From Chumar = to please.
Chuvachan = to possess power, potency, virility, strength to act/do/etc. A more complicated concept compared to ‘anda.’ Cuvachi, cuvachil, cuvi, chuyan, chuilan, chulivan. Chuvah, ‘powerful.’ Nachuvah, ‘powerless.’
Dacha/Daka = (adj.) many. Dag = (adv.) much, a lot of. As in Buadhachan, ‘place of much rain.’
Dachel = (n.) bounty. Dachela = bountiful.
Dal/Del, Tel/Tal = star. Della/Dalla = (adj.) ‘starry.’
Damoth = war, battle. From Dámothar, ‘to wage war.’ Battlefield is ‘damothna,’ or plural ‘damothen.’
Dan/Don/Dun = home. As in Avidan.
Dar/Dor = moon. As in Dardra (pl. Dardrion), ‘Moon Guardian,’ Dorelia and Dorél. (see Dorreah)
Dashan = to scatter, disperse.
Dath = thorn. (pl. dathan; adj. thorny is ‘datha’) As in Dathiel, ‘one who is thorn.’
Dava/Dova/Duva/Dufa = white. As in Davhin, Brynduvh.
De’ah = (adv.) here; Da’id = there.
Dena/Dina/Dyna = full, complete (adj.). From Dynar, ‘to fill, complete.’ Dyneth = (n.) completion, fulfillment.
Dher = (n.) rest, sleep. From Eder, ‘to sleep.’ (irreg.)- Dehi, dehil, dehiv, deyan, delan, diven.
Dorreah = Goddess. Literally, ‘moon lady.’
Dul/Tul = island.
Dra/Dri/Dry = guardian. From Druhan, ‘to guard, protect.’ As in shaddra, avedra, Dardra, and Dranithion.
Dragar=to fly. Drag = flight. Draghí = flying (adj.) As in Drakhan.
Dravan = to silence; Dreva = silent
Dren = fang, tooth. From Drenar, ‘to bite’; pl. Drenilion. As in Mount Drenéleth, ‘stone tooth.’
Du’an = the mind. The reasoning, imagining aspect of the brain.
Du’anysh = vision, purpose. Literally, ‘sight of mind.’
Dulth/Delth = night.
Duinn = (n.) dark. From Duinar, ‘to darken.’ Duina = (adj.) dark. As in duinóvion, ‘humans’ (see ‘Ova’); duinden, ‘full darkness’ or midnight.
Elari = see Alas/Elas
Eleth = stone (n.). Adjective form is eletha. As in elethion rási, ‘standing stones.’
Emar = to hear.
Émyla = foreign, strange, unknown.
Er = the (see Article list, below)
Erar = to stand; rási = standing (adj.)
Esar = to open (irreg.)
Eshel = fire (compare Val).
Fann = to (prep.)
Fath = fear. From Fathar, ‘to fear.’
Ferdan = to return.
Ferth = mountain pass, door or gate. From Firthan, ‘to pass by or through.’ As in Wendaferth (Windgate).
Fi’el = foot. (pl. Fíelen.)
Final = blanket. From Fenan, ‘to blanket, cover.’
Fith = shore.
Forah = father. As in Forath. (see Rea and Ana)
Frinach (sometimes vrinach) = storm.
Gala/Galan = great, noble, lofty, revered. As in Galvalia (Great Fire Sea), Galantryn (Great Ford).
Ganen = to surpass. (irreg.)- gani, ganil, ganiv, ga’yan, ganilen, ganiven.
Gar/Gor = blood. As in Brengarra, ‘falcon’s blood’; Goryth, ‘blood-wing.’
Gedar = to fall. Gedasi = falling (adj.)
Grimar/Krimar = to banish.
Gil/Kil = spear. As in Gildancove. Humans have mistaken this to mean ‘golden cove’ instead of ‘Cove of Spears.’
Gohn = (prep.) from
Gola/Gula = abhorrent, ugly, tainted. From Gollar, ‘to taint.’
H’ = added to the front of a word that begins with a vowel if that word follows another ending in a vowel. See the note following ‘aurien.’
Har/Her = sun. Hara = ‘sunny.’ Harsha, ‘sunlight.’ Harshava, ‘sunlit.’ As in Harac, Harena (The Desert), Heret (Land of First Dawn).
Halar = to scream, shout; Hela = screaming (adj.). As in Helwende, ‘loud wind.’
Hátaras = the past.
Hazhen = to lose, misplace. (irreg. Remove ‘H’ to conjugate)
Hechtar = to offend, insult. (irreg. Remove ‘H’ to conjugate)
Hefyn = elk (pl. hefynion)
Ilae = away.
Ils/Is = corruption of ‘elves.’ As in Ilswythe, Elves’ Meadow.
Ish = (n.) gold. (see Aish).
Jana = hard, stubborn.
Jera = (prep.) with. Najer = without.
Jevar = to pierce. Java = sharp, piercing (adj.).
Jynavh = well (adv.)
Kadar/Kavar = to cut, wound, slice; Kad or Kadg, meaning ‘axe’, is a derivative.
Kaem = ridge.
Kahov = a place, also a hearth.
Kal/Kel = warrior. As in Kelyn, keldjeq.
Kan/Ken/Kyn = courage (n.); Brave (adj.) = Kyna; from Kynar, ‘to encourage.’ Kynor, the name of Keth’s father, may be interpreted as ‘one who encourages’ or ‘brave mountain.’
Kantav = bridge; also denotes ‘passage across,’ as in Kantava Islands and Kantávlea, the ‘Sea of Crossing.’
Kar = to allow/permit. (irreg.)- kahi, kahil . . .
Kathio = east. Kathiel = eastern.
Keth/Geth = stalwart (strong, firm, loyal).
Kharan = to heal. Kharah, ‘healer.’
Ki’ar = to share. (irreg.)- kyo, khil, khiv, khyan, khilan, khiven.
Kir/Kier = shield, from Kírer, ‘to shield from.’
Klae = sword. Kin to Kal/Kel, as the weapon of the warrior, a man-turned-sword.
Komar = to seem, to look like, to appear like. (irreg.)- kumi, kumil, khumiv, kumyan, komilan, kumiven
Kru’ar = to destroy; Kru = (adj.) destructive, violent. Khruth = (n.) destruction.
Ku’ir = to attack, assail. (irreg.)- kuli, kil, kiv, kuyan, kilan, kiven.
Kulyah = head. (pl. kulyanen)
Labban = to summon. (irreg.)- lavi, lavil, labiv, lavyen, lavilen, labiven.
Laec/Lach/Loc = Lake. As in Brenlach, Locmar, and Loknoth.
Lanor = to run, flow fast. Lani = running (adj.). Lanithrun, horse, literally ‘running legs.’
Láruvan = lark. Literally, ‘bird of song.’
Lassar = to grow, increase. Lashí = (adj.) growing, increasing. Derived is Duinlas, ‘growing dark’ or twilight; Shalas, ‘morning.’
Lau = (prep.) down.
Lea/Lia = sea, water in general. As in Leathyr (silver water), Leania (land of water)
Lechin = harmony. (see lesha)
Leddeth = flesh. (kin to Lethryn, ‘earth.’)
Leiru = bird. (pl. leiru’n)
Leis = too (as in also), compare to arroit
Lem = flat. Lamón = flatlands, plains.
Len/Linn/Lyn = beautiful, fair. As in Kelyn, Rhoslyn.
Le’or = leaf. (pl. le’oren)
Ler/Lir/Lor = jewel, gem. As in Aralorr.
Lesha = melody.
Leth = land.
Lethryn = earth, globe, planet entire.
Loth = ash (pl. lothen). As in Lothiar, ‘like ash.’
Lozh = snow (on the ground). From Lozar, ‘to snow.’
Luin/Lun = tower. As in Lunélion.
Lytha = air. From Lythar = to whisper. Lathi = whispering (adj.).
Mae/Mai/May = delicate.
Mar/Mor = fortress, stronghold. Seen in countless names of strongholds across Dwinovia, like Bramoran, Athmar.
Mathon = to kill. Math = the dead (n.) and predicate adjective, as in ‘he is dead.’ Mathel = Death. (compare damoth).
Mayah = (adj.) perfect. From Me’ar, ‘to perfect,’ (irreg.)- mehi, mehil, mahiv, meyan, melan, máhiven.
Me’av = mouth. (pl. Mehavion).
Med = (prep.) beneath.
Mell = evil (n.). pl. Mellan. Mella (adj.).
Miacht = servant. From Machan, ‘to serve.’
Mil = arrival. From Milar, ‘to arrive.’
Mith = peace, quiet (n.). From Mithar, to grow peaceful, quiet. Mitha = peaceful (adj.). Mithilë! = Peace! (command).
Mynd/Mund = blossom. From Mundar, ‘to blossom’; Mynda = blossoming (adj.).
Myol = shit!
Myriar = to dwell.
N/Na = signifies negation. Also ‘no’ or ‘un-‘
Na’eth = shadow. Na’etha = shadowy (adj.). As in Nathrachan, Nathryk.
Na’in = ogre. (pl. naenion)
Nana/nanu = sad, grievous, lamenting. From Nanar, ‘to weep, lament.’ As in Tírnan (Grievous Arrow).
Násethar = to uncover, disclose, reveal (compare Sethar).
Nela/Nila = gray.
Nethai = brother.
Ni’e = eye. (pl. nihen)
Nor/Nur = mountain. As in Thyrnoran, Drakhanoran.
Nith/Nyth = forest, wood, and the singular tree. As in Avidanyth (Avidan Wood), Nithmar.
Nocha/Nocka = port. As in Sinnoch.
Notha = (adj.) huge, giant. Nothari, the Elaran name for the mythical giants.
Nothasqel = ice cap. (lit. ‘huge ice.’)
Nysh = sight. Thevril-nysh = Veil Sight.
Oä = I (pers. pron.). See Conjugation list below.
Och/Ocha = as/like. Begins a simile.
Ónaras = future.
Ora = beginning (n.). From Oren, ‘to begin.’ As in Dan-Ora’as.
Ostar = to do.
Ova = a community, clan, people, gathering place. From Ovan, ‘to gather.’ As in Sýnnova (‘safe place’). Duínovë, meaning ‘dark person,’ the Elaran name for a male human, while Duínova is a female human. Duinóvion is the plural for many humans, while Duínovan is the adjective denoting anything of human make or design, including their language. Dwinóvia, ‘Land of Men’
Qas = (prep.) at
Qaver = to go. (see Quev) (irreg.)- khavo, khavil, quavív, khavyan, khávilen, quiven.
Quellar = to wane. Qualla/Quella = (adj.) wan, shrunken. Derived is Shaqueli, ‘shrinking light’ or sunset. (see Redar and Shanar)
Quethia = north. Quethiel = northern.
Quev = departure (n.). From Quevar, ‘to depart.’ As in Naqevnoch (Port of Sad Departure, the legendary city in Astyria from where Dorelia set sail for Dwinóvia). Na que, ‘don’t go’.
Ragar = to steal, snatch. As in rágazeth, the Soul Snatcher. Rageil = thief.
Rala = old. From Rallar, ‘to age.’
Ran/Ron/Ren/Ryn = royal. As in Kieryn, Bramoran.
Rand = hand in a fist. From Randar, ‘to strike.’
Rath/Roth/Ruth = thunder. From Rothar, ‘to thunder.’ As in Tor Roth.
Rava = pearl. As in Rávalin, one of the Pearl Islands.
Rea = lady or queen, or any highly placed female.
Rechar = to sparkle, gleam. Rechavi = sparkling, gleaming (adj.).
Redar = to rise. Rhedi = rising (adj.). As in Heret, literally ‘Land of the Sunrise.’ Derived also is Haredi, ‘sunrise’ and Daredi, ‘moonrise.’ (see Quellar and Shanar)
Rek/Rik/Ryk = king. As in Rhorek, Shadryk, etc.
Rhithio = west. Rhithiel = western.
Rhos = flower.
Rim = canyon, abyss. As in Galanrim, the Great Abyss.
Rist = boundary, edge. As in Ristbrooke.
Rith = wing (pl. rithion). As in Goryth, and Avarith, lit. ‘magic wing’ or ‘wing of avë’ for dragon (pl. avárithen).
Ruvar = to crawl, move slowly. Rhuvi = crawling, moving slowly.
Ruvasqel = glacier. (lit. ‘slow ice’)
Ryshach = bitch.
Saer/Zaer = black. As in Sarvana, ‘black song.’
Sag/Tsag = depression, basin.
Sahvan = to save, rescue
Sethar = to hide. (compare Násethar)
Sha = light. Seen in shaddra (Guardians of Light, the monks dwelling in the valley of the same name), and Sha-Rivá (‘Light of the Lady’).
Shaban = to light (as a candle) – shavi, shavil, shabiv, shavyan, shavlan, shaben.
Shanar = to shine – shi, shil, shahiv, shayan, shilan, shiven.
Shanna = (adj.) shining, brilliant. Derived then is Sha’dyn, ‘full light,’ or noon; and Sha’zel, ‘little light,’ or morning; Shaqeli, ‘shrinking light,’ or sunset. (see Quellar and Redar)
Shath = day.
Shel = summer. Shela = hot. (see Eshel. To say ‘hot fire’ is redundant. So to say ‘shel’ is to say ‘like fire.’)
Shind = serpent (from the sound it makes slithering over the ground).
Sinna/Synna = safe. From Synnar, ‘to secure.’ Sinnath = safety. Sýnadun = shelter, lit. ‘safe home.’
Skel = winter, the cold. Skela = (adj.) cold. Askel = ice, sleet. (see Var and Lozh)
Slanta! = Greetings!
Sor = wolf. Shortened from original Elaran Sa’hor.
Sulla = seagull. Human corruption, shulla.
Su’ulen = to walk
Ta = my. See Possessive Pronoun list below.
Tarrár = to fail.
Tav = joy. Tava = (adj.) happy. From Tabar, ‘to be joyful, happy’ (compare Blytha).
Tayá = yourself. See Personal Pronoun list below.
Tha = and. See Conjunction list below.
Thall/Thell = Bay, cove. As in thellnyth tree.
Thanis/Tanis = crown, top. Thanisia is the land of the ice fields, the crown of the world.
Thassan = to forgive, pardon.
Thevríl = the Veil, and the spell-word used to conjure it around oneself.
Thru = leg (pl. thru’en).
Thyn/Thyr = silver (n. and adj.). As in Thyrvael, Thyrra.
Ter/Tír = arrow. As in Tírnan, Tírandon.
Teth = breast. (pl. Tethien.)
Tohm/Tuhm = pall.
Tran/Tryn = ford. As is Galantryn, the Great Ford.
Uhv = (prep.) on.
Ula/U’alu = (adj.) long. As in Ulmarr.
Uranar = to cleanse, purify.
Uthia = south. Uthiel = southern.’
Val/Vul = fire (in liquid form). As in Valrosk and Galvalia.
Valav = (n.) balance. Navalav = unbalance.
Valda = everlasting, never ending (adj.). Avald = (adv.) forever; Navald = (adv.) never.
Van = song. From Vanar, ‘to sing’; Vanazi = (adj.) singing. As in Sarvana, ‘black song.’
Vanthrun = cricket. Literally, ‘song-legs.’ (pl. vanthrunion)
Vazh = voice. (pl. vazhian).
Vina = green.
Waer = mound or hill; (pl.) Waeran, meaning ‘heights.’ As in Nathyæren (‘Shadow Mounds’).
Wyr = moor, heath. As in Wyramor, ‘fortress of the moor.’
Wytha = meadow, valley. As in Ilswythe.
Whenda = windy. As in Helwende.
Wil/Wyl = wave, billow; pl. Willan/Wyllan.
Ya/Ye = one or first. Also denotes ‘individual.’
Yahen = (adv.) again. Literally, ‘one plural.’
Yannah = (adj.) wailing. From Yaunen, ‘to wail.’
Ya’noren = to renew, literally ‘to begin again.’ Yánoreth = (n.) renewal. (see Ora)
Yno = boy. (pl. and ‘children,’ yno’en.)
Yr/Ir = life; spirit. From Yran, ‘to live, have spirit.’ Yri, adj. ‘living.’ As in Iryan.
Yveth = captain.
Zel = small. As in Mazél, ‘delicate-small,’ and Zellel.
Present Tense of most regular verbs:
-i, -il, -iv, -yan, -ilan, -iven (I, You, He/She/It, We, You All, They)
Subjunctive, Imperative (command) Verb Tense: Add a sharp ‘-ë’ to end of conjugation.
Present Progressive Verb Tense: To be + infinitive ( Bazan + inf.).
Past Verb Tense: Add ‘-hat’ or ‘-at’ to conjugated present tense verb.
Future Verb Tense: Add ‘o-‘ or ‘on-‘ to front of conjugated present tense verb; sometimes softened to ‘a-‘ and ‘an-‘.
Oa/oän = I/me. Ola/olahn = you/you (pl.). Eä/eär = She/her. Eö/eör = He/him. Ië = it. Yo/yora = We/us. Elan/eran = They/them.
Ta/atta = My/mine. Tae/attae = Your/yours. Tas/attás = Her/hers. Torr/attor = His/his. Ti/atti = Its/its. Tann/attán = Our/ours. Taena/attaena = Your (pl.)/yours (pl.). Tash/attash = Their/theirs.
Tha = and. Vae = but. Yn = so. Qua = for/because.
Er = the. Ya = a. Yan = an. As = that. Al = this.
-Prepositional ‘of’ is absorbed, understood, as in Welsh.
-Possessive ‘of’ is expressed as ‘-d’, ‘-ad’, ‘-da’ at end of a word or amid a compound word such as Brandrith, ‘falcon’s wing’; bathda’sha, rainbow (lit. ‘rain’s light’= Buadd da sha).
copyright 2012 by Court Ellyn
The words and phrases listed here are a product of the author’s imagination and may not be distributed, copied, or used in any form whatsoever without the written permission of the author.